Names of Arjuna in the Gita — 1

अनघ anagha

Arjuna has been addressed three times in the Gita (3:3; 14:6; 15:20) by the name अनघ anagha. The usual meaning of अनघ anagha is sinless. The word अनघ anagha is formed by the combination of two words: न na and अघ agha. The sound न is used to negate and it means no. The word अघ comes from the root-sound अघ् agh which means ‘to move wrongly’ or ‘to move in wrong direction’. So any wrong movement, mistake, fault, error, misapplication, selfishness, blemish, violence, sadness, misery, evil etc. are the meanings of the word अघ agha. The word अनघ anagha therefore has for its sense all that is opposed to अघ agha. The various meanings of अनघ anagha can be: sinless, stainless, uninjured, unhurt, free from grief or sorrow, faultless, pure, spotless, clean, transparent, straightforward etc.

  • अव्यसनिन्, अव्यसन, निर्व्यसन or free from being purposeless, evil, incompetent etc. — Neelakantha, Shankracharya, Madhusudana Sarasvati.
  • असङ्ग or with no attachment — Vedantadeshika (न काङ्क्षे विजयम् इत्यादिवदतस्तव न सङ्ग इत्यभिप्रायेणानघशब्दः)
  • योग्यतम or most befitting — Ramanuja (अनघतया योग्यतम इति कृत्वा), Vedantadeshika (अनघ इति सम्बुद्धिरधिकारिसूचनार्थेत्याह — अनघतया योग्यतम इति कृत्वेति)
  1. Commentaries followed: गीताभाष्य — Shankaracharya and Ramanuja; गीतार्थसङ्ग्रह — Abhinavagupta; गीतातात्पर्यनिर्णय — Madhvacharya; भावदीप — Neelakantha; सुबोधिनी — Shridhara Swami; गूढार्थदीपिका — Madhusudana Sarasvati; भाष्यव्याख्या — Anandagiri; अमृततरङ्गिणी — Purushottama; भाष्योत्कर्षदीपिका — Dhanapati Suri; तात्पर्यचन्द्रिका — Vedantadeshika

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Sampadananda Mishra

Sampadananda Mishra

Author, speaker and researcher on subjects related to Sanskrit, Indian Culture, Spirituality, Yoga and Education. SahityaAkademi and President of India Awardee.